MedRoute is a Marie Skłodowska-Curie project: the project leading to this application has received funding from the European Union’s Horizon
2020 research and innovation programme under the Marie Skłodowska
-Curie grant agreement No 747030 — MedRoute. Marie Skłodowska-Curie Actions (MSCA) are a set of major mobility research grants created by the European Union/European Commission to support research in the European Research Area (ERA).
Established in 1996 as Marie Curie Actions and known since 2014 as Marie Skłodowska-Curie Actions, the fellowship program aims to foster the career development and further training of researchers at all career stages. These grants promote interdisciplinary research and international collaborations, supporting researchers from both humanist and scientific fields from not only within Europe but also across the globe. MSCA fellowships are among Europe’s most competitive and prestigious awards,aimed to support the best, most promising researchers. Individual Marie Skłodowska-Curie fellowship is developed through the researcher’s infra-European mobility, while the Global Marie Skłodowska-Curie fellowship awards researcher that must carry out research organized through an outgoing phase in a non-European institution and a return phase in a European one.
MedRoute belongs to the Global category and is developed in the Istituto di Storia per l’Europa Mediterranea del Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche (ISEM-CNR), Cagliari, Italy, and the University of Maryland at College Park, Mayland, USA.
This project aims to analyze the phenomenon of multiculturalism in four Mediterranean port cities of the late seventeenth and the early eighteenth centuries. The research uses three identity markers (foodways, clothing, and language) to chart how differences in the political and physical environments affect the balance between marking and hybridizing identities in the
port cities of Izmir, La Valletta, Livorno and Marseille. Although very different amongst themselves, these four cities, placed on a maritime trading route cutting the Mediterranean from east to west, share a highly developed cultural, ethnical, and religious pluralism. The comparative analysis adopted will shed light on the concept of multiculturalism(s) in the pre-modern
Euro-Mediterranean space, explaining how members of the same group handled coexistence following different strategies.
In analyzing identity as a dynamic process, the research enters into the historiographical debate on the One-Plural nature of the Mediterranean on two critical levels: the ways in which Mediterranean identities interact with one another and how they generate a multicultural zone. Through an interdisciplinary study, the project will shape the ineradicable ambiguous nature of multicultural zones in the Mediterranean. This goal will be undertaken through the analysis and verification of three main
assumptions that form the basis of the research:
- The role of the political factor in determining the type of multiculturalism which developed and the ethical role of politics in assuming tolerance as a tool for fostering a more vibrant and resourceful society.
- The role played by internal members of the communities on the basis of social class, education and gender, and how
- these factors determined the individual positioning on the scale from integration to segregation.
- The functionality of multicultural policies in enhancing urban welfare.